Showcase II: Evolution of Digital Archives



Traditional Buddhist Documents in the Digital Age (20 Mins)
Aming TU, Dharma Drum Buddhist College, DDBC; Chinese Buddhist Tripiṭaka Electronic Text Association, CBETA

Dharma Drum Buddhist College (DDBC) has tried hard to employ the new technology-based information tools for the purpose of Buddhist studies. Therefore how to apply the traditional Buddhist documents in the Digital Age, in order to launch a new era of Buddhist studies and methods becoming an important issue nowadays. Hence, some of the TELDAP Buddhist digital projects will be demonstrated to show how DDBC utilized these digital archives into e-Teaching and e-Learning. The projects are: (1) Digital Database of Buddhist Tripiṭaka Catalogues. (2) Buddhist Lexicographical Resources. (3) Social Network Visualization of the Gaoseng zhuan Corpus. (4) The Chinese Buddhist Tripiṭaka Electronic Text Collection, Taipei Edition etc.

1. Introduction -- The Spread of Buddhist Sūtras (BZA, YBh & SDP Projects)
2. Pilgrimage and Translation
 1) Pilgrimage (Silkroad Project)
 2) Translation (Jinglu Project)
3. Eminent Monks and Buddhist Temples
 1) GIS (Buddhist Gazetteers)
 2) Social Network (Eminent Monks)
4. The Chinese Tripiṭaka Collection
 1) Jinglu & Lexicon Projects -- Union Catalogue
 2) The Digital Tripiṭaka Collection -- CBETA
5. Conclusion -- Future Plans



Design a Multi-lingua Information Retrieval System for Digital Archives (20 Mins)
Keh-jiann CHEN, Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica

There are more than four million digital collections to be retrieved for the Taiwan national digital archive project. Digital collections can be searched and browsed according to their metadata. However current metadata were written in Chinese. How to retrieve collections by foreign users and by other languages became a challenge problem.

In this research, we try to solve the problem by indirect searching method. We use the thesaurus of AAT-Taiwan to bridge the language gapes by translating the search-terms in other language into Chinese keywords. Then use the Chinese keywords to produce search results. The AAT-Taiwan thesaurus is a multi-lingua thesaurus constructed by translating English terms in the Art and Architecture Thesaurus of Getty Research Institute and attached Chinese keywords into the thesaurus.

In the real implementation, we extract eight major ontological substructures from the thesaurus of AAT-Taiwan first. The eight substructures are 1) activity and behavior, 2) art and design, 3) animals and plants, 4) people related, 5) collections, 6) places, 7) styles and periods, and 8) about Asia. By searching every Chinese keyword in the AAT-Taiwan, the hyperlinks of the matched digital collections can be attached to each concept node of the eight ontological structures. To simplify each substructure, the concept nodes have no related digital collections will be removed from the ontology. The result ontology will be used for the purposes of browsing and searching.

Foreign users can use their languages to search digital collections, if the used language is implemented in the AAT, and browse the ontological structures in that language too. The searching process will find the related concept nodes first and then produce the hyperlinks attached to the nodes and its hyponym nodes as the searching result.

In real implementation, we had solved many important research issues, such as how to overcome culture barriers in integrating Chinese keywords into an existing multilingual thesaurus, how to adjust the ontological structure to fit the real application and how to rank hundreds of retrieved items etc.. A prototype system of using English to search and browse Chinese collections was realized at the web site of Taiwan Academy.



Archiving Images Beyond RGB Mode (20 Mins)
M. James SHYU, Chinese Culture University



From Digital Archives to New Media Art (20 Mins)
James Quo-ping Lin, National Palace Museum

In the past ten years, the National Palace Museum (NPM) in Taiwan has successfully applied information technology (IT) in the museum context.  These innovative IT-enabled services are the cornerstones of the three large scale national digital programs namely: digital archive program, digital museum program, and e-learning program.  Being the two AAM gold MUSE awards winner of year 2012, the NPM proudly presents its latest new IT endeavors spanning animation, films, interactive kiosks, and new media art which greatly improve visitor’s museum experiences.  This presentation aims to showcase these successful IT applications, to share all the difficulties and challenges encountered, and to reveal lessons learned along the way.


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